Chess is played with standard time control rules. It has the standard time control of 40 moves in 2 hours and after this, an extra hour to reach 60 moves.
The time control is used in a chess tournament so that every match can finish on time and that way tournament can continue. The time given to every player to finish their moves can be different for each game.
Many different time slots are used in the game. Although, most games change the division of tournaments according to the limit of time given to the players.
The following time controls are available in chess:
- Bullet Chess: This is a type of fast chess. This kind of chess game has different time limits based on a 40-move game. One of those is the lower time limit of 15 to 30 seconds, which is called 'Ultrabullet' and 'Hyperbullet' respectively. The other lower time limit is 1 minute to 2 minutes (the time might be increased but not more than 3 minutes). But for the World Championships games, any time limit below 5 minutes is not acceptable.
- Blitz Chess: This is also a type of fast chess. Blitz has standard time limits less than 10 minutes for each player on a 40-move game. In the case of time extension, 3 minutes with 2 seconds of increase is the number one choice, especially for the FIDE World Blitz Championship. But the complete time for a 60-move game of course not 10 minutes or more than that for every player. But the United States Chess Federation (USCF) preferred blitz chess between 5 to 10 minutes time controls for every player.
- Rapid Play Chess: Rapid chess has time limits between 10 to 60 minutes. In the FIDE World Rapid Championship, each player will get 15 minutes and in the case of time extension, 10 seconds added time per move for a 60-move game for each player from the beginning. It can be also played without any time extension per player. The United States Chess Federation (USCF) play Rapid chess (known as quick chess) games between 30 to 65 minutes in both regular and fast ratings for each player. Rapid chess games are a popular choice in unofficial tournaments, especially between 20 minutes to 2 hours game.
- Armageddon Chess: This is the unique and controversial type of chess game. This is a type of game that assured the end with judgment. The two sides get different kinds of benefits like White will get more time on the clock to think than Black but Black will be considered as the winner in a draw on the board situation. The increasing numbers of too many draw matches, this controversial judgment chess game many tie breaks are used for the conclusion of the games. As of now luckily, in any high-level contests like Chess World Championship, no match has ever made it even close to an Armageddon tiebreak.
So make sure you don't take too much time for a single move. Some players always run out of time, so keep executing your moves frequently.
If you are a beginner chess player, you must become habituated to playing with a clock. You have to realize that the clock can change the result of your game. You have to make sure you know about the time limit before you start the game.